From 1989 to 2004, Mr. Rubin was the Chief Investment Officer and Co-Founder of Resurgence Asset Management, one of the first deep value investment firms focused on discounted equities, distressed debt and special situations. At Resurgence, he designed the funds’ strategies, created its research protocol, hired and trained 12 analysts, and managed its 35-person team. He left Resurgence in 2004 and founded Gradient Partners, an investment firm that featured a strategy consistent with Resurgence’s. Mr. Rubin raised over $2 billion in private equity and hedge fund capital while managing Resurgence and Gradient. Gradient returned all institutional capital in 2010 and thereafter has been managed as a family office. Prior to Resurgence, Mr. Rubin also founded J.B. Rubin & Company, an investment management and financial advisory firm. Previously, he was an analyst with Smith Vasilou Management/RD Smith & Company and a senior manager of an engineering and manufacturing company. He has served in over 100 prominent activist roles as a director, committee member and on a standalone basis, including one of the largest commercial litigations heard before the US Supreme Court, which was decided in his favor. Mr. Rubin graduated from Cornell University with a B.S. in Operations Research. Additionally, he has served on the Cornell University Council, and for over 15 years was a Visiting Professor at Cornell’s Johnson Graduate School of Management, where he created and taught a deep value and distressed investing course.